The Problem Called Infertility

Infertility – sterility is defined as an inability to conceive a baby and give birth to a baby. Infertility is nowadays understood as a “couple” disease despite persistent prejudices of some men who claim that infertility is purely a female disease. Infertility applies to both partners who are unable to conceive a baby.

  1. male infertility contributes to 30% of the overall number of infertile married couplesInfertility
  2. 25% is formed by couples where both partners are infertile
  3. the argument that a man has children from his first marriage and is therefore fertile is not applicable. Male fertility may considerably be reduced within a few years
  4. there are many real cases that a woman does not get pregnant with her husband for many years but after separation, both will manage to conceive a baby with their new partners

Infertility is a “couple” disease. Therefore there is no point in asking your gynaecologist for infertility treatment without examining both partners. This should be particularly highlighted because a woman with a strong desire to have a baby is able to undergo whatever treatment procedures including operations but a man is not willing to undergo even a simple fertility treatment.

A couple is considered infertile provided that the partners have not been able to conceive a baby within the period of 2 years having unprotected sexual intercourse. Under certain circumstances it is possible to regard a couple as infertile much earlier  – if there are developmental defects of sex organs, serious hormonal disorders, post-operation conditions and others where the cause of infertility is known right at the beginning of the relationship.

Cause of Infertility of Both Partners

Regarding 15 – 30% of infertile couples the cause of infertility is looked for at both partners simultaneously. Regarding 5 – 10% the cause of infertility is found both at a man and woman. It may be e.g. blocked fallopian tubes regarding women and varococele regarding men.